Keysigning @ DebConf11
As part of the 12th Debian Conference in Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina, there will be OpenPGP (pgp/gpg) keysignings.
On DebConf Day 2, Tuesday 26th of July at 21:00 in the Meeting room, there will be a discussion/information session about the kesigning during DebConf11. It will be followed by a KSP.
What is keysigning and why do it
A keysigning party or meeting is a get-together of at least two individuals who use the PGP encryption system with the purpose of allowing them to sign each others keys. Keysigning parties serve to extend the web of trust (WoT) to a great degree. A useful metric of the WoT is the mean shortest distance (MSD) of a key.
Please read chapters one and two of the GnuPG Keysigning Party HOWTO (note: we are doing the party differently, so the other chapters do not apply completely).
Don't you have a strong key yet?
The Debian Project is considering replacing existing GPG keys with stronger ones using SHA256 or better without downgrading its WoT. Please read:
The process to create a new key is documented at http://keyring.debian.org/creating-key.html.
If you plan to migrate your WoT, you should read "HOWTO prep for migration off of SHA-1 in OpenPGP" at http://www.debian-administration.org/users/dkg/weblog/48.
The document "OpenPGP Best Practices" is available at https://we.riseup.net/riseuplabs+paow/openpgp-best-practices and its OpenPGP key checks have been implemented.
How will the keysigning happen?
The keysignings will be based on the Efficient Group Key Signing Method by Len Sassaman and Phil Zimmermann which is a protocol to do keysignings in a way that is faster than the way many people may be familiar with.
The deadline has now passed. If you haven't submitted your keys yet, it's too late to get your keys on the list. It's not, however, too late to participate altogether. Bring paper slips or business cards with your gpg fingerprint.
The keysigning steps follow.
- Please note that having multiple keys isn't a requirement. If you have one key to be signed, adjust the examples below from two keys to just one key.
- Cross sign your keys and upload them to a key server, if you haven't done so yet.
- Example with two keys 0xfedcba98 and 0x76543210 and uploading to a key server:
- gpg --local-user 0xfedcba98 --edit 0x76543210 sign
- gpg --local-user 0x76543210 --edit 0xfedcba98 sign
- gpg --keyserver keys.gnupg.net --send-keys 0xfedcba98 0x76543210
- Send your ascii armored, cleaned, minimized and clear-signed public keys to firstname.lastname@example.org no later than 23:59 UTC on Sunday 10th of July, 2011. Multiple cross-signed keys per armor are just fine. The signatures will prove the owner of the keys controls the private keys.
- Please check that your version of gpg does support the export-clean option.
- Please do not encrypt your email.
- Please do not send attachments.
- Please do not encode your email.
- Example with two keys 0xfedcba98 and 0x76543210, signature is made with both keys 0xfedcba98 and 0x76543210:
- gpg --armor --export-options export-clean,export-minimal --export 0xfedcba98 0x76543210 > publickeyblock
- Then clear-sign publickeyblock with your keys 0xfedcba98 and 0x76543210 creating publickeyblock.asc:
- gpg --local-user 0xfedcba98 --clearsign --local-user 0x76543210 --clearsign publickeyblock
- Then email publickeyblock.asc as so:
- mail -s "KeySigning Party @ DebConf11" email@example.com < publickeyblock.asc
- Same example as a one-liner:
- gpg --armor --export-options export-clean,export-minimal --export 0xfedcba98 0x76543210 | gpg --local-user 0xfedcba98 --clearsign --local-user 0x76543210 --clearsign | mail -s "KeySigning Party @ DebConf11" firstname.lastname@example.org
- Another one-liner:
- (echo -e "To: email@example.com\nFrom: Your Full Name <firstname.lastname@example.org>\nBcc: email@example.com\nSubject: KeySigning Party @ DebConf11\n"; gpg --armor --export-options export-clean,export-minimal --export 0xfedcba98 0x76543210 | gpg --local-user 0xfedcba98 --clearsign --local-user 0x76543210 --clearsign) | sendmail -t
- At http://people.debian.org/~anibal/ksp-dc11/names.html, if you want your name linked to your photo, send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
- On Wednesday 13th of July, 2011 you will be able to fetch the complete keyring (ksp-dc11.gpg.bz2) with all the keys that were submitted along with a text file (ksp-dc11.txt) giving the fingerprint of each key on the ring.
- At http://people.debian.org/~anibal/ksp-dc11/ both the keyring and text files will have corresponding files with their SHA256 checksums. The SHA256 files will be signed with public key 0x947897D8, which can be downloaded from keyring.debian.org or db.debian.org.
- To verify the signuture of the SHA256 files, download anibal's key from db.debian.org, e.g.:
- finger email@example.com | gpg --import
- And then run gpg with the verify option (using ksp-dc11.txt.sha256.asc as an example):
- gpg --verify ksp-dc11.txt.sha256.asc
- Verify that the fingerprints of your keys in ksp-dc11.txt are correct. Also compute the SHA256 hash of ksp-dc11.txt. One way to do this is with sha256sum invoked as follows:
- sha256sum ksp-dc11.txt
- Bring to DebConf the hash you computed and a hardcopy of ksp-dc11.txt.
- It is very important that you have verified at home the fingerprints of your keys on the hardcopy.
- It is also very important that you have computed the hash at home.
- The SHA256 hash of ksp-dc11.txt will be published on the notice board near the DebConf organizers' office. Verify that the hash matches what you computed. This guarantees that all participants are working from the same list of keys.
- During DebConf, look for participants in your assigned group.
- For each participant in your group:
- Compare the hash you computed with the other participant (it will be recited loudly).
- Ask if the other participant's gpg fingerprints on the hardcopy are correct.
- Verify each other's identity by checking preferably a passport or, alternatively, some other form of government issued ID. Please don't show very old, doubtful or easy-to-fake documents as people will not sign your key if you do so.
- If you are satisfied with the identification, mark on your hardcopy that the other participant's gpg fingerprints are correct and the other participant has been identified.
- Later that evening, or perhaps when you get home, you can sign the keys in ksp-dc11.txt which you were able to verify and identify.
- Please use Peter Palfrader's pgp-tools to sign keys using caff, one of the scripts of pgp-tools. The scripts are also available as the debian package signing-party.
What to bring with you
- A printout of ksp-dc11.txt; check that your fingerprints are correct.
- The SHA256 hash you made of ksp-dc11.txt so that we can ensure we are all working with the same copy.
- Some form of government issued ID (passport or similar).
- If this is your first keysigning, a copy of this web page and linked documents might be useful.
If you have questions please send them to the mailing list at firstname.lastname@example.org. If you don't want to post to the mailing list, send your questions to email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Special thanks goes to Benjamin Mako Hill who provided the scripts and text used at DebConf4, Peter Palfrader who provided the scripts and text used at DebConf3 and LinuxTag (2003 and 2004) whose reuse made putting together this keysigning easy and possible.