Michael Stapelberg’s Debian Blog

Which VCS do Debian’s Go package upstreams use? (2017-10-22)

In the pkg-go team, we are currently discussing which workflows we should standardize on.

One of the considerations is what goes into the “upstream” Git branch of our repositories: should it track the upstream Git repository, or should it contain orig tarball imports?

Now, tracking the upstream Git repository only works if upstream actually uses Git. The go tool, which is widely used within the Go community for managing Go packages, supports Git, Mercurial, Bazaar and Subversion. But which of these are actually used in practice?

Let’s find out!

Option 1: If you have the sources lists of all suites locally anyway

/usr/lib/apt/apt-helper cat-file \
  $(apt-get indextargets --format '$(FILENAME)' 'ShortDesc: Sources' 'Origin: Debian') \
  | sed -n 's,Go-Import-Path: ,,gp' \
  | sort -u

Option 2: If you prefer to use a relational database over textfiles

This is the harder option, but also the more complete one.

First, we’ll need the Go package import paths of all Go packages which are in Debian. We can get them from the ProjectB database, Debian’s main PostgreSQL database containing all of the state about the Debian archive.

Unfortunately, only Debian Developers have SSH access to a mirror of ProjectB at the moment. I contacted DSA to ask about providing public ProjectB access.

  ssh mirror.ftp-master.debian.org "echo \"SELECT value FROM source_metadata \
  LEFT JOIN metadata_keys ON (source_metadata.key_id = metadata_keys.key_id) \
  WHERE metadata_keys.key = 'Go-Import-Path' GROUP BY value\" | \
    psql -A -t service=projectb" > go_import_path.txt

I uploaded a copy of resulting go_import_path.txt, if you’re curious.

Now, let’s come up with a little bit of Go to print the VCS responsible for each specified Go import path:

go get -u golang.org/x/tools/go/vcs
cat >vcs4.go <<'EOT'
package main

import (


func main() {
	var wg sync.WaitGroup
	for _, arg := range os.Args[1:] {
		go func(arg string) {
			defer wg.Done()
			rr, err := vcs.RepoRootForImportPath(arg, false)
			if err != nil {

Lastly, run it in combination with uniq(1) to discover…

go run vcs4.go $(tr '\n' ' ' < go_import_path.txt) | sort | uniq -c
    760 Git
      1 Mercurial